Essay national integration communal harmony

We have provided essay on national integration in various words limit for your lovely It is possible only through the unity and harmony of the people. . Indian is a land of various religious communities like Hindus, Sikhs, Muslims, Christians, .
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National integration is thus an established fact. Why are we then worried? The cause of anxiety is the separatist tendency which tends to endanger the age-old communal harmony and unity of the country.

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The fissiparous tendencies like aggressive communalism, regionalism, linguism, religious bigotry and casteism are threatening the natural integration. Let us therefore, study the genesis and forms of operation of these tendencies, so that concrete steps may be taken to eliminate these trends from our society. Admittedly, there is no doubt that the communal question was nurtured and grew to menacing proportions with the politically motivated encouragement given by British rulers to certain communities.

The expectations of Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru did not come into reality. The spurt of communal riots in the post independence years is as a reminder of the harsh reality and proved that communalism has now deeper roots than before. Now, steps should therefore, be taken to to strengthen the feeling of National Integration, Unity and Communal Harmony.

Linguism is yet another problem and sectarian sentiment which has been granulated in the recent past. The reorganization of states on linguistic basis is considered to have given impetus to linguism. Again, the adoption of Hindi as the official language of India roused linguistic sentiments. Casteism constitutes yet another potential threat to the Communal Harmony and National Integration in India. From the time immemorial this system has been grown up. Now it is one of the great problems of our society.

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Casteism might have done well but at the moment it endangers our national unity. But it is a misfortune that our political parties in their keenness to win the elections have revived caste feelings. It is the sacred duty of our political leaders to inject the importance of communal harmony in their political programs. It will integrate our emotions and aspirations and ensure Communal Harmony and National integration of the country. Discover India. Meaning of National Integration and Communal Harmony: National Integration refers to the perception of single national identity among people of a country belonging to various races, castes and religion.

Introduction: From time Immemorial, it has been seen that different races fought battles against each other on Indian soil and got themselves firmly entrenched, but India has assimilated them all into her blood. What Constitution says? The foremost danger to National Integration is rapid communalism. The Conference realised that political parties must follow a code of conduct, if national integration was to be forged. It was because the parties promoted casteism, regionalism, etc.

The Conference, therefore, evolved a code of conduct for political parties which provided that:. No political party should act in a manner by which existing differences between various castes, communities or linguistic groups either increased or tensions among these developed. For redress of communal, linguistic and regional grievances, political parties should not resort to agitational methods.

The government should not put unnecessary restrictions on the working of political parties, in the name of maintaining law and order. Since language plays a big role in promoting national integration, it was proposed by the Conference that education should be transferred from state to the concurrent list. The Conference set up National Integration Council with the object of drawing a code of conduct for general public, students and the press. It could also suggest measures for the redressal of grievances of minorities and dealing with the problem of fasts undertaken for political purposes.

The Council made useful recommendations for national integration. It proposed setting up of two committees; one to deal with the problem of communalism and the other with separation.

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These were, however, not taken very seriously. Between and several communal riots broke out in the country and there were outbursts of violence on the basis of religion, region and caste. Fissiparous tendencies and disintegrating forces became active and tried to get roots. It was felt that in case these were not timely checked, there was every danger that these might become of serious magnitude.

In order to again ponder over the problem with all seriousness Second National Conference was held in Srinagar between June 20 to 22, The size of the Conference was increased by 20 more members, by adding representatives of business and trade unions. The Conference viewed with considerable seriousness the growing power of disintegrating forces and appealed to all political parties as well as the press to discourage communal ill will as well as check the rise of forces which encouraged casteism, regionalism and communalism.


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The press was appealed not to give publicity to such news. It also set up three different committees, one each dealing with regionalism, communalism and linguism. These committees which submitted their report at different times were of the view that intelligence net work should be spread which should watch as well as inform well in advance about the activities of disintegrating forces, so that these could be combated with strength.

The committees were of the view that such newspapers which promoted communal hatred should be arrested and the people who exploited religion, caste, region or language for their selfish ends should be given deterrent punishments. Thereafter several other committees were set up to look into the problem. But unfortunately nothing concrete came out of that.

But when all efforts were being made to bring national integration communal riots broke out in Ahmedabad. These being serious in nature attracted the attention of the nation.

On 16th October, , Standing Committee of National Integration Council appealed to all political parties and the press that they should launch a campaign against communal hatred. It was sure to create communal disharmony and hatred. The nation had hardly recovered from the shocks of Ahmedabad riots when communal riots broke out at Bhiwandi, in May Again stress was laid on mass campaign to end communalism.

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The convention was opposed to para military organisations like R. The All India Congress Committee at its June session passed a resolution stressing that in our secular society para military organisations like R. The resolution also said that the government should seriously consider whether such organisations should be allowed to continuously pollute Indian society with communal violence and hatred.

It was also of the view that if in a particular area riots continued for 12 hours immediate officers should be held responsible for that. If duration of riots was 24 hours in that case not only Inspector General of Police but both the Home Secretary and Chief Secretary should also be held responsible.

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State government should be held responsible if violence continued for a period of 48 hours and if during this period of 48 hours violence is not contained then central government should be exclusively held responsible for it. In August , a non-official organisation known as Insani Biradri came into being. The main idea of this organisation was to check forces of communal and national disunity and to bring about unity and understanding among all communities.

Membership of this organisation was thrown open to all communities and people possessing any political ideology. But from the very beginning Insani Biradri faced serious problems. As many as thirty-seven delegates felt that it had been so formed that communalism would get respectability and refuge. The Biradri was also unwilling to declare some parties as communal and thus to exclude them from the organisation. In the opinion of these delegates these communal parties will incite communalism in the garb of Biradri. When no solution could be found out, these delegates left the organisation.

The aim of this organisation also was to rehabilitate riot affected people and to prevent communal violence. In order to check communal hatred and promote national integration in , Mrs. The Committee met from 11th to 13th December It was of the view that communal riots in the country were engineered by organised forces of communalism like the R. The aim of these forces was to disrupt secular democratic character of the country and in its place encourage communal fascist forces.

It suggested ban on para military organisations. The Committee suggested the Muslims of India to flow in the main stream of national life and give up separatist tendencies. But communal forces in the country being too strong could undo the work of Sampradayikta Virodhi Committee when communal violence broke out both in and in some parts of the country. In , there were riots in Delhi in which several houses were burnt and properties looted.

This necessitated the Council to meet again in January, In , National Integration Council again met to ensure that there were no communal violences in the country. In , state of emergency was lifted and elections were held in the country as a result of which Janata government came to power. During its 29 months years stay in office, there were serious communal riots, in some parts of the country, including Aligarh, which drew the attention of the people. It, however, could not do much in this regards because of their short stay in government and in-fighting among the constituents which formed government.

It was again in that communal violence broke out in the country. In August of that year trouble started on 2nd day at Moradabad and quickly spread to Delhi, Ahmedabad, Sambal Pur, Aligarh and in some other towns of U. In order to control the situation curfew had to be imposed in riot affected towns where army had to be called in. In these riots several lives were lost, in addition to loss of property. It was feared that there was hand of some foreign powers behind these communal violences.

The Council was headed by the Prime Minister but its membership was increased. But some opposition parties, however, initially did not agree to its membership. In November, the Council met to discuss the problem, of communal disharmony, unrest in north-eastern region and need for a new education system.

The Council felt that for communal imbalances removal of social and regional imbalances was necessary. It was of the opinion that educational system should be overhauled to promote national integration. A standing committee should be set up to keep a watch on the activities of communal bodies. Two more committees were set up: one each to look after and suggest improvement in educational system and the other to find out the causes of frequent outbreak of communal riots.

It decided that integration committees should be set up at district level, with which prominent local leaders should be associated. Minorities should be given due representation in police force and the victims of communal riots should be soon rehabilitated. In , National Integration Council was reconstituted. It recommended that all such processions which can create some problems should be carefully watched and their routes restricted. Adequate representation should also be given to minorities in services.

In , National Integration Council set up a 21 member committee to function on continuing basis. The Committee was assigned the responsibility of formulating both short as well as long term proposals for maintaining communal harmony and preserving national integrity. In it representation was given to women, academicians, journalists and industry, in addition to politicians.